A number of years ago， we had a French intern working with us... the daughter of a friend of a friend - you know how those things go. She was a sweet girl with a lovely accent， and we had fun asking her for the translation of things we tag as "French"： a French braid to her was an Indian braid； French cut was Brazilian cut； French fries were American! We didn't get into all the amazing sewing techniques influenced by fine French (or heirloom) sewing. There's the French cuff， French dart， French knot， French curve， French binding and today's topic： the French seam. Ready to give it a try？ Wearing a beret is optional.
The French seam， which is part two in our series on Machine Sewn Seam Finishes， is one of the best finishes for a variety of sewing projects. Unlike part one of this series， in which we explored the most popular types of seam finishes you can do using a variety of built-in stitches on your sewing machinepersonalized gifts for women， in today's tutorial， we look at how you can use just a basic straight stitch to create a professionally finished seam inside and out.customized gifts for him
In general， the purpose of any seam finish is to prevent fray-prone fabrics from raveling beyond the seam and leaving a hole in your sewn project. However， regardless of fabric type， finishing a project's inside raw edges will not only elevate the final appearance， it will also elevate your sewing skills to a professional level.？
Deciding when and where to use a French seam is fairly simple. If a fabric is sheer and/or delicate， it’s an ideal candidate. Heavyweight fabrics can be used but are a challenge because of the bulk of the seam. As with all techniques， it always best to test the French seam on scraps to determine if it’s truly the best finish for your fabric type. In general， light to medium weight fabrics are perfect for a French seam finish.？
We will warn you this technique may appear to be a bit of a brainteaser to execute， but it’s actually very easy. Once you’ve given it a try， you’ll be so happy you did. The result is worth the extra steps. ？
One other note of caution， the French seam technique is best used on straight seams. Curved situations， such as a set-in sleeve in a garment， are finished using a different seam finish (hang in there... we have four parts to this series!).
As we mentioned above， the French seam can seem confusing at first because it’s a two-step seaming process： first you sew with wrong sides together， then with right sides together. Anyone who is an avid sewer will immediately feel they’re doing something gravely wrong by placing the fabric wrong sides together. But， fear not， as we go through the steps and explain the seam allowances， you will see why this works so well.
We always like to review the standard seam allowance measurements for the type of projects you may want to sew. In home décor， the general seam allowance is ？"， whereas in garment construction， it’s ？". (You would not apply this seaming technique in quilting.)？
Since the French seam technique is based in garment sewing， we will first explain how this seam allowance is divided in the two-step process. In step one， you sew a ？" seam wrong sides together. The seam allowance is trimmed to ？" from the line of stitching， which means you are trimming away ？". In step two， the fabric is placed right sides together along the previously sewn seam， and sewn with a ？" seam allowance， enclosing the raw edges of the first seam. Confused yet？ The important part to understand here is that the total seam allowance of ？" is maintained， ？" ？" = ？". And you thought you’d never use those pesky fraction lessons from fourth grade!？
Now， if you’re working on a home décor project， using a ？" seam allowance， it's best to add ？" to all the cuts where you’ll be applying the French seam technique， giving yourself a ？" seam allowance. Why？ Because you need that little extra to complete the process， otherwise you'll be working with very tiny seam allowances.
Whether you’re following a pattern or designing your own project， take a few minutes to consider if you need to add a little extra to the seam allowance to accommodate a French seam finish. Once you practice and become familiar with the technique， these tiny seams won't be an issue， but if you're just starting out， give yourself a bit more fabric with which to work.
As if the French seam isn’t confusing enough already for most folks， there’s more than one way to complete the seam： the traditional way and an alternate that has evolved over time. The final product is quite similar， so we encourage you to try both to find your favorite.？
NOTE： For this method， we are using a garment seam allowance of ？". We are also using a contrasting thread so you can see the stitching clearly on the fabric. You would use a thread color to match your fabric.
The basic difference with this method is you do not trim the edge after sewing the first seam.
NOTE： We are using a home décor seam allowance of ？"， so we added an extra ？" to our seam allowance before cutting out the fabric pieces.？
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